ENV 100 Week 1 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam NEW
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ENV 100 Week 1 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam NEW
In this graded assignment, you are assessed on the content covered in this weeks’ readings, activities, and assignments. To help you prepare, it is recommended that you first complete this week’s Learning Path and Self-Test Learning Activities prior to completing this exam.
Click on the Assignments link in WileyPLUS to access the Week 1 Exam.
Complete the Week 1 Exam covering this week’s assigned readings:
Ch. 1: The Environmental Challenges We Face
Ch. 2: Sustainability and Human Values
Ch. 3: Environmental History, Politics, and Policy
Note: Work submitted in WileyPLUS does not count toward attendance. Be sure to post at least two times each week in the online classroom to avoid being auto-dropped from the course.
What is the environmental significance of the process of “consumption”?
Consumption can outstrip the natural resources available and lead to overexploitation of the environment.
Extravagant consumption can create an environment of raising one’s status among peers.
The process of consumption is an economic act, providing the “demand” necessary for the “supply” of the environment.
Consumption can generate economic growth that relies significantly on the importation of natural resources, which benefits the environments of less-developed countries.
Which of the following describes the relationship among population growth, consumption of natural resources, and environmental degradation?
When individual demands on natural resources are far greater than the requirements for survival, people in affluent nations deplete resources and degrade the global environment through increased consumption of nonessential items to satisfy their desires.
Rapid population growth does not overwhelm and deplete a country’s soils, forests, and other natural resources when the amount of resources essential to an individual’s survival is small.
Rate of resource consumption affects the environment far less that the explosion in population.
There is no relationship between population growth, consumption of natural resources, and environmental degradation.
Non-renewable resource is to renewable resource as
living is to non-living.
limited supply is to sustainable supply.
tree is to coal.
wind energy is to fossil fuel energy.
Examples of non-sustainable human activities or behaviors include:
attempts to limit human population growth
using technology to improve car mileage
use of non-renewable fossil fuels
In the scientific method, a hypothesis
is a statement of fact
makes a prediction that can be tested
is usually proven to be correct
can only be tested once
A state agency has contacted you to do a scientific assessment of kudzu in a nature preserve in southern Georgia. They are concerned about the effects of the non-native invasive vine on a small rare plant that grows on the forest floor in the preserve, but which is found nowhere else in the state. Kudzu is only growing in the east side of the preserve because it hasn’t yet had time to invade further. In order to assess the effects of kudzu on the rare plant, you set up the following experiment:
Site 1. On the east side of the park with the kudzu, you set up ten 1m × 1m plots on the forest floor. In each plot you count the number of individuals of the rare plant.
Site 2. On the west side of the park without the kudzu, you set up ten 1m × 1m plots of the forest floor. In each plot you count the number of individuals of the rare plant.
Which of the following represents the hypothesis that you are testing with this experiment?
Kudzu will eventually grow on the west side of the park.
Kudzu will kill off the trees in the preserve by strangling them.
Kudzu should be removed from the preserve because it is killing the rare plant.
Kudzu is negatively affecting populations of the rare plant in the preserve.
All of the following statements describe environmental science EXCEPT:
The goal of environmental science is to try to establish general principles about how the natural world functions.
Environmental scientists seek to develop viable solutions to environmental problems that are based as much as possible on scientific knowledge.
Since environmental problems are generally complex and scientific understanding of them is often less complete, environmental scientists are often called on to reach scientific consensus before the data are complete.
No exceptions, all of the above statements describe environmental science.
Community members bring information, preferences, and goals that must be incorporated into a policy decisions during which of the five stages of solving an environmental problem?
Long term environmental management
What is deep ecology worldview?
A radical anthropocentric worldview.
A worldview based on the idea that all species have equal worth.
An idea that resource consumption is unethical.
An expansionist worldview.
Sustainable human activities or behaviors include all of the following EXCEPT:
identifying strategies for recycling natural resources.
working to limit human population growth.
developing technologies to improve car mileage.
promoting consumption to improve quality of life.
The issue that racial and ethnic minorities face unusually high exposure to environmental hazards is a central argument to:
What worldview does this photograph BEST represent?
A deep ecology worldview.
A sustainable consumption worldview.
A western worldview.
Any environmental worldview.
Which of the following interact to promote sustainable development?
1 Economically viable decisions
2 Socially equitable decisions
3 Environmentally sound decisions
4 High rate of resources use
5 Rapid population growth
1 and 3
2 and 4
1, 2, and 3
3, 4, and 5
1, 4, and 5
What does the image below represent and how does it relate to designing sustainable cities?
Residents of squatter community, like this one, must be evicted in order to achieve the goal of making cities more sustainable.
Comparing the squatter community in the foreground to the skyscrapers in the back shows how a city can be transformed when sustainable city design is embraced as a goal for re-development.
Squatter communities, due to their lower resource consumption, should be left unchanged as living in such conditions is compatible with the goals of sustainable living.
Squatter settlements should be improved to provide basic service such as clean water to drink, sewage treatment, and garbage pickup so as to provide a better quality of life for the poorest of the poor.
Environmental sustainability implies:
the actions of humans directly impact the wellbeing of the natural environment
future generations will have the resources necessary for quality of life
the environment can function indefinitely without going into a decline from the stresses imposed by human society on natural systems
all of these choices
A deep ecology worldview would support all of the following EXCEPT:
Nonhuman life forms have value that is independent of the usefulness they may have for narrow human purposes.
The richness and diversity of life contribute to the flourishing of life on Earth and humans have no right to reduce this richness and diversity except to satisfy vital needs.
The inherent responsibility of individuals to implement changes in society so that humans can flourish.
A spiritual respect for life reflected in appreciating quality of life rather than adhering to a high standard of living.
What does the diagram below illustrate?
Pollution is considered an external cost because;
it has a harmful effect borne only by people who purchased the product that caused it.
its cost to the environment is not reflected in the price of the product that produces it.
it has a significant impact on the consumer’s decision to buy the product that causes it.
it is a hidden cost that would increase demand if the consumer were aware of it.
Which of the following definitions best describes an environmentalist?
A lawyer who works on environmental law.
Writers who write about the environmental impact of corporate America.
Someone who is concerned about the environment.
A scientist who studies the interactions of plants and animals.
All of the following are examples of conservation EXCEPT:
Phoenicians terraced hilly farmland to prevent soil erosion
Americans set aside areas as national parks to maintain them in a pristine state
Greeks practiced crop rotation to maintain yields on farmland
English regulated the number of sheep that can graze in a particular field
Which of the following is NOT considered in determining net domestic product?
profit from use of natural resources
Whose name is associated with the concept of the land ethic and in which book did he make this argument?
George Perkins Marsh in Man and Nature
Henry David Thoreau in Walden
John Muir in The Yosemite
Aldo Leopold in Sand County Almanac
Laws that impose rules and regulations and set limits of pollution are called:
command and control.
environmental impact statements.
According to the graph below:
As more and more pollution is eliminated from the environment, the cost of removing each additional unit of pollution decreases.
As more and more pollution is eliminated from the environment, the cost of removing each additional unit of pollution increases.
Cost of pollution removal is constant regardless of how polluted an area is.
Cost of pollution is relative to the type of pollution.
What is the BEST definition of conservation?
Setting aside land and natural resources.
Careful management of land and resources.
Using land and natural resources based on current needs.
Protecting land and natural resources from human activity.